Yes, the information about property purchase and the terms and conditions of mortgage loans (if any) are recorded among the land records in the jurisdiction where the property is located.
These documents are public. Property records are maintained at either the county courthouse, county recorder, city hall or another city or county department. All property-related records, including property ownership, assessed values, maps, property sales listings, characteristics, and historical Tax Collector information are typically available. Many counties will also maintain records online.